Monthly Archives: November 2009

igirisupan (english bread, イギリスパン)

igirisupan means english bread in japanese, but it’s a bread that can’t in fact be found in a traditional english bakery.  i’m told that english bread is so called because the shape resembles that of a bowler hat.  in terms of taste, the texture of the bread is similar to the double soft white bread i made a few months back, but a bit more rustic with a crunchier crust and  less sweet.  it’s a great bread for toast or making tea sandwiches.

(makes 1 loaf about 9 inches in length)

Bread Flour 160g
AP Flour 240g
Active Dry Yeast 4g
Sugar 20g
Salt 8g
Nonfat Dry Milk Powder 8g
Egg 1 large one
Shortening 20g
Fresh Milk 300g
  1. Microwave milk for about 1 minute until it is warm to the touch.
  2. Dissolve yeast into the milk and add 1 tbsp of sugar (you can take it from the 20g that you had measured out).  Let stand until foam forms on top. About 15 minutes.
  3. Mix together remaining ingredients in a large bowl. I use the dough hook on my stand mixer set to a low to medium speed.
  4. When the yeast mixture (from step 2) is ready, add it in with the other ingredients and mix on medium speed until the dough forms and begins to peel away from the sides of the bowl.  Depending on the humidity, you may not need all the water.  I had about 50ml left over that I did not use.  Around 3 to 4 minutes.
  5. Cover with a kitchen towel and allow the dough to rise until it has doubled.  About 1-2 hours.
  6. De-gas the dough. Then, divide it  into 3 portions.  Form each portion into a ball, then cover with a towel, set aside and let rest for 20 minutes.
  7. Divide the dough into 3 equal parts and form each piece into a ball. It helps to use a pastry brush to dust off any excess flour. Place the 3 pieces of dough next to each other into a 5 x 5 x 9 inch loaf pan. (I didn’t have a 9 inch loaf pan and used a 12 inch pan.  The resulting bread has a lot less height than the traditional igirisupan should have.)
  8. Cover with a towel and let rise until the dough has puffed up to cover 2/3 of the loaf pan. Took me around 45 minutes to 1 hour.
  9. (optional) Brush with egg wash.  I left mine unadorned.
  10. Bake for 40-45 minutes at 350 degrees

a visit to la pâtisserie des rêves

early on a sunday morning, my husband and i hopped onto the number 12 metro in the direction of mairie d’issy and emerged a few moments later out of the rue du bac stop.  starting at about 2 blocks proximity from the shop, we started to observe a hurried retinue of pastry devotees scuttling by us with bright pink bags in hand.  the parisian obsession with pastries never ceases to amaze me.  in a city where most stores (including supermarkets) remain staunchly closed on sunday as a matter of national culture, pastry shops of all sorts are almost always open.  perhaps parisians dream of pastries at night and must then hurry out to satiate those nocturnal cravings first thing in the morning.  not a bad life!  after making a few turns and ambling down mostly quiet residential streets, we too found ourselves in front of the source of all those pink bags:  philippe conticini’s la pâtisserie des rêves, or the pastry shop of dreams.

the center of the shop features immaculately constructed gâteaux displayed on a 6 foot round silver table with each creation covered in a glass dome.  surreal to say the least — almost as if one had stumbled upon an alien mother ship about to abduct the pastries for an intergalactic exploration.  after paying the gâteaux due respect, we moved onto the viennoiseries. we giddily picked three to taste: (1) a hazelnut financier, (2) a lemon madeleine, and a (3) chausson aux pommes. there were some others like the brioche feuilletée that looked quite amazing but prudence got the better of us.  the financier oozed with hazelnut flavour in every bite.  in terms of flavour, the madeleine was really quite pedestrian but the sheer size of the treat is remarkable.  i don’t know if you can tell from the pictures above, but the mutant madeleine was larger than my hand (probably had been exposed to gamma radiation on its way back to earth); if i had to gander, it probably measured 5 to 6 inches long and 3 to 4 inches wide with a 3 inch hump on its back. the chausson aux pommes was our favorite.  it tasted like the flakiest croissant stuffed with the perfect apple compote.

we’ll have to go back on another trip to taste the other lovely desserts in the shop.  as a side note, we did not see any macarons at la pâtisserie des rêves.  maybe conticini hasn’t dreamed of them yet?

La Pâtisserie des Rêves
93 Rue Du Bac
75007 Paris
Sundays: 8am to 2pm
Tuesdays – Saturdays: 10am to 8.30pm
Closed Mondays

and we’re off!

to paris again.  that’s me driving the dump truck in the background.  i’m absconding with all the macarons of paris.
see ya next week!

red velvet roll cake

tested out flo’s red velvet roll cake recipe over the weekend.  i’ve never seen a red velvet cake made into a roll before.  am rather curious why roll cakes haven’t caught on in all those homey NYC bakeries.  they seem to be easier to make, slice and store than layer cakes. i guess roll cakes just haven’t hit the americana big leagues yet?

the cake turned out to be smooth and tender.  i tweaked the filling a bit, swapping out the white chocolate for a bit extra cream cheese.  the raspberries are a must; they are surprising and add a pleasant fruity note to the cake.

some baking notes for next time…would definitely recommend:

(1) letting the cream cheese come to room temperature before spreading it onto the cake, if you’re making the filling in advance.  if the cream cheese filling is too hard, it doesn’t spread easily and will tear into the surface layer of the cake and get mixed up with the white cream filling.

(2) using fresh raspberries rather than frozen.

jackfruit cream tart


my friend g is coming over to cook a malaysian smorgasbord of sambals and curries, and after playing around with making passion fruit curd, i thought i’d attempt to make a dessert that complemented those southeast asian flavours.  i settled on making a jackfruit curd tart. well, to be precise, it’s actually a jackfruit lemon cream tart.  i based the jackfruit lemon cream on pierre herme’s recipe for lemon cream from his book Desserts by Pierre Herme.  he explains in the preamble to the recipe that lemon cream is made with the same ingredients as lemon curd; however, the cream’s silky texture and true lemon flavour is achieved by cooling the cream before adding the butter, and “then giving the cream a high-speed finish in a blender.” and indeed, the resulting jackfruit lemon cream turns out to be quite thick and tangy without the richness of butter typically found in a curd.

i also whipped up a quick transparent glaze with which to top the lemon cream.  yes, it’s the transparent glaze that gives those tarts you see in french pastry stores that high gloss sheen. the glaze itself is easy to make and can be made ahead, but it does require one to mail order the key ingredient — oetker clear glaze, if you live in the US.  oetker’s clear glaze is a powder that comes in a small blue packet.  german in origins, it can be easily found in most german supermarkets.

The recipe for the jackfruit lemon cream and transparent glaze are below.  To assemble into the tart, blind bake a tart shell at 350°F for 20-25 minutes, using about 1/3 portion of the pate sucree recipe, and allow it to cool.  Pour about 2/3 of the the cooled jackfruit cream into the tart shell and spread it evenly with an offset spatula.  Then, pour the cooled transparent glaze on top of the jackfruit cream, spreading it carefully with the offset spatula.  Be sure not to mix the glaze and cream together.  The glaze should rest just on top of the cream, giving it a glossy finish. I made some heart shaped cookies out of the excess pate sucree dough that i had left over, and set the cookies on top of the glaze.

Jackfruit Lemon Cream
(makes enough to fill a 9-inch tart with a bit left over for toast, crepe filling, parfait layers or pairing with chocolate mousse)

Sugar 1 cup
Jackfruit 3 bulbs, pitted (I buy canned jackfruit.  There are about 7-8 bulbs per a can)
Lemon zest From 2 lemons
Eggs 4 large ones
Lemon juice From 2 lemons
Butter 2 ½ sticks, cubed
  1. In a blender or food processor, blend the jackfruit until it becomes a puree.
  2. Rub together the sugar, lemon zest and jackfruit puree in the bowl of your stand mixer until the sugar reaches the consistency of wet sand.
  3. Whisk in the eggs and lemon juice until everything is well combined.
  4. Place the bowl above a saucepan with simmering water (make sure the water doesn’t touch the bottom of the bowl).
  5. Stir continuously with a whisk until the cream thickens (it should reach 180°F at this stage if you’re using a thermometer). If you’re not using a thermometer, you will know the cream is ready when it leaves a coating on the back of a wooden spoon.   It could take up to 10 minutes, depending on the level of heat in your saucepan.
  6. Remove the cream from the heat and strain it into the container of a blender or food processor.  Let the cream cool to 140°F, stirring it occasionally or pulsing intermittently.
  7. When the cream has cooled to 140°F, add in the butter about five pieces at a time.
  8. Continue to blend the cream for another 3-4 minutes after the butter has been completely incorporated.  This will ensure a light and perfectly smooth cream.

Transparent Glaze
(enough for ~1 nine-inch tart; adapted from Desserts by Pierre Herme)

Sugar ½ cup
Oetker Clear Glaze 1 package (I mail-ordered mine from
Water 1 ¼ cups
Lemon Peel From ½ lemon,
Orange Peel From ½ orange
Vanilla ½ tsp OR ½ vanilla bean, split lengthwise and scraped
Lemon juice 1 tbsp
Mint leaves 5 fresh leaves
  1. Mix together the sugar and glaze in a small bowl and set aside
  2. In a saucepan, heat the water, citrus peels and vanilla bean (if using) until just warm.
  3. Remove the saucepan from the heat and add the sugar/glaze mixture while stirring constantly.
  4. Return the pot to the stove and bring the mixture to a boil.  Allow it to boil for 2-3 minutes over heat, stirring constantly with a wooden spoon.
  5. Add the lemon juice and bring to a boil again.
  6. Remove from heat and add in the fresh mint or vanilla extract (if not using vanilla bean).  Allow the mixture to infuse for at least 15 minutes.
  7. Strain the glaze into a container and let it cool to room temperature.
  8. The glaze can be stored in a refrigerator or freezer.  If it has set into a jello-like consistency, liquefy it by heating it in the microwave at low power for a few seconds.  The glaze should not be heated above 104°F.

flo’s pull-apart lemon coffee cake, sort of


the more i make items listed as coffee cakes in flo braker’s book, the more i wonder about what constitutes a coffee cake? like the coconut twist coffee cake i experimented with a few days earlier, this item came out rather more like a sweet bread than a traditional cake.   over at wikipedia, the entry reads that coffee cake is a cake served with coffee or eaten as dessert.  at wordnetweb, the definition has been expanded to include any cake or sweet bread that is served with coffee. there’s no mention of coffee cake needing to have that crumbly crust or that kind of rustic and dense cake layer, often times kind of dry but pairing perfectly with coffee.  i guess it’s really any sort of carb that is enhanced with a good cup of steaming hot coffee.

without further ado, here’s the skinny on flo’s cake with my adaptations and all. (and yes, as the name suggests, it indeed pulls apart into citrusy  layers — a sunny pick me up for those autumn blahs)

Pull-Apart Lemon Zest Coffee Cake
(Adapted from Flo Braker’s Baking for All Occasions. Note: i skipped the glaze in her recipe and cut back on some of the sugar.  I also changed some steps around as well to simplify the process. But hey, you gotta do what works for ya, right?)

Ingredients for the Dough:

Flour 350g
Sugar 50g
Active Yeast 2 ¼ tsp
Salt ½ tsp
Milk 75 ml
Butter 55g
Water 60 ml
Vanilla Extract 2 tsp
Eggs 2 large ones

Ingredients for the Lemon Paste Filling

Sugar 70g
Lemon Zest From 3 lemons
Orange Zest From 1 orange
Butter ½ stick, melted
  1. Whisk together the flour, sugar, yeast and salt in the bowl of a stand mixer.
  2. In a small saucepan, heat the milk and butter over low heat until the butter has melted.
  3. Remove from heat and add in the water.
  4. While you are waiting for the liquid to cool down a bit, add the eggs one at a time into the flour mixture.  Combine using the paddle attachment on low speed until well incorporated.
  5. When the liquid mixture feels just warm to the touch, add in the vanilla extract.
  6. With the mixer set a low speed,  slowly pour the liquid mixture into the bowl.  Do not pour it in all at once.  You may not need all of the liquid. You are looking for a dough that is soft and only slightly sticky.
  7. After the liquid has been added, you may find it easier to change to the dough hook set to a medium speed.  Continue to knead the dough with the dough hook until it becomes smooth and no longer sticky.
  8. Cover the bowl with plastic and let is rise until it has doubled in size.  About 1 hour.  The dough is ready when an indentation made with your fingertip remains.
  9. Make the filling while you’re waiting for the dough to rise.  In a small bowl, mix together the sugar and zests with your hands until the a sandy-wet mixture is achieved.  You should also be able to smell the citrus aromas.
  10. When the dough is ready, roll it out into a 20×12 inch rectangle.  It helps to work on a well floured surface or to roll the dough over parchment paper.  I chose to do the latter as it makes for a much easier clean-up.
  11. Then, cut the dough into 5 equal strips that are 12 x 4 inches large.
  12. Using a pastry brush, spread the melted butter over one of the strips and sprinkle the sugar zest over the butter.  Stack another strip on top and repeat with the butter and sugar zest, until all the strips are stack on top of each other.
  13. Next, cut the stacked strips into 6 equal pieces that are 2 x 4 inches large.
  14. Butter and flour a 9 x 5 x 3 inches loaf pan.  It also helps to place a piece of parchment paper on the bottom of the pan.
  15. Arrange the 6 pieces of dough in the loaf pan.  They should be placed so that you can see the lemon zest and dough layers from the top.
  16. Loosely cover the pan and let the dough rise until it has doubled.  About 1 hour at room temp or 30 minutes with your oven set to the proofing function.
  17. Bake at 350ºF fro 30 minutes.
  18. Let the coffee cake rest for 10 minutes before flipping it out of the pan. Be careful when taking it out.  The cake really does pull apart or fall apart, if you do so too abruptly.
  19. Flo recommends topping the coffee cake with a tangy cream cheese icing.

k’s chocolate cupcake surprise


for k’s birthday, i put together some chocolate cupcakes.  the cakes were yogurt based (see pandan cake recipe and substitute 80g of chocolate melted in 20g of strong coffee for the pandan essence).  i hollowed out the middle and filled them with passion fruit curd.  my friend d, self-professed cupcake connoisseur, has made a very good suggestion that dulce de leche might make a better accompaniment than passion fruit curd.  i think i agree.  i topped the cupcakes with a chocolate italian meringue buttercream and an inkblot cookie for some *pizzazz* (now there’s a word i haven’t heard since the 80s)!

in cooking school, we learned to make two types of buttercream. one was french and the other an italian. the french buttercream contained a lot of butter and it tasted quite rich and thick.  the italian meringue contained less butter but quite a lot of sugar.  way too sweet for me.  i discovered, however, that if i cut down the sugar content in the recipe by about 60g, i could reduce the sweetness while still maintaining the structure (you really do need sugar to set the structure of the meringue).  the italian meringue buttercream is also more stable than the french meringue.

that said, i should point out that both buttercreams are a lot silkier in texture and utilize A LOT less butter and sugar than american buttercream, which is just confectioners sugar blended in with butter.

Italian Meringue Buttercream
(enough to generously frost 18 cupcakes)

Egg Whites 150g (~5 egg whites)
Sugar 315g, divided into 75g and 240g portions
Water 130ml
Butter 450g (4 sticks, cubed)
Dark Chocolate 6oz (melted either in the microwave or over a water bath)
  1. Prepare a French meringue.  To do so, start beating the egg whites in the bowl of your stand mixer.  (You can add a dash of cream of tartar for extra stabilisation).When the egg whites start to foam, add in 75g of sugar. The egg whites should start to become very shiny and form soft peaks.
  2. While you are preparing the French meringue, combine 240g of sugar with 130ml of water in a saucepan. Heat the sugar until it reaches the soft-ball stage.  Do not stir the sugar while it cooks, otherwise little crystals will form.  Sugar will reach the soft-ball stage when it reaches 235º-240ºF.  If you don’t have a thermometer, set a small bowl of iced water next to your saucepan and spoon small amount of the sugar mixture in to the ice water.  When it has reached the soft-ball stage, the melted sugar will immediately turn into something that feels like melted gelatin or jelly fish when it hits the water.
  3. Take the sugar off the heat and pour it into the french meringue while the mixer continues to whip the meringue.  To do so, carefully pour the sugar mixture down the side of the bowl.  Do not pour it onto the whisk, as it may splatter.
  4. Continue to beat the meringue and sugar mixture until it has cooled.  (This will take a good 10-15 minutes.) The mixing bowl should be warm but no longer hot to the touch.
  5. Add in the butter a little bit at a time until it has fully incorporated.
  6. When the butter has been incorporated, the buttercream will look extremely runny at first.  Have some faith. Continue to whip the buttercream and it will thicken into something that is spreadable (and resembles soft ice cream!). In my case, I piped the buttercream on top of the cupcakes.
  7. Add in the melted chocolate and continue to whip until it is evenly incorporated.
  8. The buttercream can be stored in a refrigerator for 3 days or frozen for a month (though once defrosted, you should beat it for a few minutes until the consistency returns).

inkblot cookies


these cookies were the first morsel i spied when i cracked open flo braker’s book, Baking for All Occasions. she calls them chocolate-vanilla swirl cookies, and in turn, got the recipe from nora’s patisserie in daly city, california. they made pretty fantastic toppers for the chocolate cupcakes that i had been working on for K’s birthday (more on that soon), and have the most delightful smell — a combination of a bright vanilla and a mocha chocolate.  i fell in love the moment i opened the oven and took in the full blast of those aromas.

Chocolate-Vanilla Swirl Cookies
(makes 6 to 12 dozen cookies depending on how large you make the cookies; recipe contains a few adaptations on my part)

Ingredients for Vanilla Dough:

Cake Flour 310g
Powdered Sugar 115g
Salt ¼ tsp
Unsalted Butter 225g @ room temperature, cubed
Vanilla Extract 1 tsp


Ingredients for Chocolate Dough:

Cake Flour 255g
Powdered Sugar 115g
Cocoa Powder 55g
Instant Coffee Powder 1 tbsp
Salt ¼ tsp
Unsalted Butter 225g @ room temperature, cubed
Vanilla Extract 1 tsp
  1. In the bowl of a stand mixer, mix together flour, sugar and salt using the paddle attachment.  Use the lowest speed possible, otherwise the flour will splatter out of the bowl.
  2. Add in butter and continue to mix on the lowest speed possible.
  3. As small chunks start to appear in the dough, add in the vanilla and resume mixing at the lowest speed.
  4. The ingredients will slowly come together into a smooth and dense dough.
  5. Wrap the dough in plastic and set aside in the refrigerator.
  6. Wash the bowl and paddle attachment and make the chocolate dough using the same method as described in steps 1-5.  You should add the cocoa powder in step one when you add in the flour.
  7. To form the cookies, roll the vanilla and chocolate dough into slabs that are 7 x 15 inches in size each.
  8. Place the vanilla dough on top of the chocolate dough.
  9. Cut the doughs in half along the long end, so that you have 2 pieces that are 7 x 7.5 inches in size.
  10. Stack the two 7 x 7.5 inch pieces on top of each other.  Be sure that the dough types continue to alternate in colour.
  11. Pat or roll the stack into 12 x 15 inch rectangle, and then cut the rectangle in half again, to form two 6 x 15 inch pieces.
  12. Stack those on top of each other to form an 8 layer stack.
  13. You may find it easier at this point to cut the dough into thirds.
  14. Using both hands, take one third of the dough and twist it 3 times to create the marble-lized texture.  While twisting the dough, gently elongate and compress the dough so as to form a log.
  15. Wrap the log in plastic, and roll it a few times on a flat surface to continue shaping the dough into a round-ish log that is 1 to 2 inches in diameter.
  16. Repeat with the remaining thirds of dough.
  17. Before baking, let the log firm up in the refrigerator (~1 hour) or freezer (30 minutes). [The logs will keep in the freezer for several months]
  18. Using a sharp knife, slice the chilled logs into 1/4 inch thick slices and place them on a sheet pan covered with parchment paper.
  19. Bake at 325°F for 10-12 minutes.

flo braker’s coconut twist coffee cake


i came across this recipe in flo braker’s book Baking for All Occasions. i’m usually enticed to test out a recipe because of the gorgeous accompanying picture that just seems to beckon, “make me! make me!”  there wasn’t one in this case but the tag-line to the recipe reeled me in: “This coffee cake looks complicated.  But looks are deceiving.”  plus, my curiosity about how this coffee cake might turn out pulled me irrevocably towards the flour jar.  and how did it turn out?  well once i opened the oven, a golden brown behemouth greeted me.  the coffee cake measured about 14 inches across and 3 inches high — a bit larger than suggested by the recipe (i guess i had some powerful yeast).

as a side note, while this recipe is labeled as a “coffee cake” i found that its texture was really quite a bit more bread like — rather similar to a soft asian bread or a cinnamon roll.

Coconut Twist Coffee Cake
(Flo’s original recipe is 2 pages long filled with rather detailed instruction.  I’ve re-written it to describe how I made it with short cuts and all.  The original also prescribes pouring a warm apricot based glaze over the coffee cake. I cut that step out and brushed the coffee cake with an egg wash instead. Maybe that shaved off 5 minutes from my elliptical routine?)

Ingredients for the Sweet Yeast Dough:

Flour 430g, divided into 255 g and 175 g portions
Sugar 65g
Instant Yeast 2 tsp (I used active yeast; it turned out okay even without activation)
Salt ¾ tsp
Milk 1 cup or 240ml
Butter 70g (5 tbsp)
Honey 1 tsp
Eggs 1 whole egg and 2 egg yolks
Vanilla Extract 1 tsp
  1. Mix together 255g of flour, the sugar, yeast and salt in the bowl of a stand mixer using the paddle attachment.
  2. Heat the milk and butter in a saucepan until the butter has melted.
  3. Remove the pan from heat and add in the honey.
  4. Allow the milk mixture to cool until it feels just warm to the touch.
  5. Pour the warm milk mixture into the flour mixture and combine using low speed until everything is evenly moistened.
  6. Over low speed as well, add the eggs and vanilla in until well incorporated.
  7. Stop the mix and scrape down the sides of the bowl.  Change the paddle attachment to the dough hook.
  8. Add in the remaining flour, a bit at a time, until a soft dough forms.  The dough is ready when it is soft, smooth, elastic and not too sticky.  Do not add too much flour as the dough will be tough instead of tender.
  9. Place the dough in a large bowl and cover it loosely with plastic.  Let the dough rise until it has double to tripled in size.  About 1.5 to 2 hours.  The dough is ready when the an indentation made with a finger tip remains on the surface.
  10. Make the coconut filling (see recipe below), when waiting for the dough to rise.
  11. When the dough is ready, divide it into thirds (~300g each).
  12. On a half sheet pan covered with parchment paper, stretch one portion of the dough into a circle about 12 inches in diameter.
  13. Spread half of the filling on top of the dough, using an offset spatula.
  14. Layer a second piece of dough on top of the filling and stretch it out to cover the filling.
  15. Spread the remaining filling on top of the 2nd layer of dough.
  16. Shape the remaining portion of dough into a 12 inch circle and place that over the filling.
  17. Gently place a small drinking glass about 2 inches in diameter in the center of the dough circle.  Do not cut through the dough.  You just want to make a slight indentation in the dough. Remove the glass.
  18. Using a pastry scraper or knife, cut 16 wedges on the outer perimeter of the dough.  You want to cut from the edge of the dough up to the inner circle marked by the glass.
  19. Take each wedge and twist it 3 times in the same direction to create a spiral  Tuck the ends under to anchor it.
  20. Place the dough in the oven (either with the oven off or set to the proofing function).  Let the dough rise until it has doubled in size (about 30 minutes).
  21. Take the dough out of the oven and heat the oven to 350ºF.
  22. While waiting for the oven to reach the desired temperature, brush the coffee cake with some egg wash (1 egg beaten with 1 tsp of milk and a pinch of salt).
  23. Bake the coffee cake until golden (30-35 minutes).
  24. If you want to add a glaze to the cake, you can do so by transferring the cake to a wire rack and brush the glaze on to the surface of the cake while it is still warm.  You do not need to egg wash the coffee cake if you will be using a glaze.

Ingredients for the Coconut Filling:

Unsweetened Dried Coconut 70g
Sugar 2 tbsp
Flour 3 tbsp
Salt 1/8 tsp
Butter 55g (1.2 stick)
Egg White From 1 egg (~25g)
Lemon Zest From ½ lemon
Vanilla Extract ½ tsp
  1. Combine the coconut, sugar, flour and salt in a food processor.  Pulse until well-combined.
  2. Then, add in the remaining ingredients until smooth.
  3. Transfer to a small bowl and set aside.

passion fruit curd from juice

IMG_2514i decided to make chocolate cupcakes with a passion fruit center for my friend K’s birthday.  not being able to find either fresh or frozen passion fruit puree at my local grocer, i settled for using passion fruit juice. i found a recipe on martha’s site that utilised passion fruit juice.  the resulting curd has a very light passion fruit flavour.  to intensify the flavour while still using juice, i’d recommend reducing 3/4 of a cup of passion fruit juice into 1/4 cup.  of course, finding passion fruit puree probably yields the best results.